Resources

Climate Change in Arctic

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Photo: © iStock-989228182_kappaphoto
  • Environment
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Resource Type
Experiment
Subjects
Earth Science
Topics
Climate Change Ecosystems Sustainability
Time for activity
5-10 Minutes

The activity is related to climate change and the process of global warming. The cause of global warming issue and the impact to our planet and another living being that lives on the earth.

Sience S
Technology T
Engineering E
Mathematics M
Introduction

Considering that 70% of our planet is covered by water, oceans play an important role for our planet. Besides that, oceans also absorb much more energy (heat and light) than our atmosphere and our land. The oceans can disperse the heat around the planet. The warm surface water that comes from Gulf Stream/Equator carries heat to the poles , where it cools and sinks and returns towards the equator. This movement of heat and energy affects the climate and is also affected BY THE CLIMATE. This converter belt – this system of large ocean currents influences the nature of our summers and winters, our wet seasons and dry seasons. The water cycle that starts from tropical areas where the warm surface water is less dense. This means it floats on top of the ocean, capturing more light and heat becoming even warmer. Water at the poles becomes cool, and dense, and sinks down, drawing the warmer waters up from the equator. This enormous cycle can take the water 1000’s of years to complete, and is an essential part of our climate system. As the planet warms, these circulations can be altered or even stopped. Uncertain weather such as extreme heat in tropical areas and freezing cold in surrounding poles areas are the results of climate change issue. Another living being as such animals who are living in particular areas will get the impact if their habitats are threaten by climate change.

Key Objectives
  1. The activity is related to climate change and the process of global warming. The cause of global warming issue and the impact to our planet and another living being that lives on the earth. One of the cause of global warming is massive using of fossil fuel. Several countries still rely on fossil fuel such as Indonesia that still uses this non-renewable resource. The uncontrollable use of fossil fuel is impacting our planet through the acceleration of global warming – emphasizing the importance of reducing our energy consumption in our households.
  2. Furthermore, through this activity the process of the water cycle itself is shown so that students could gain some insights to the mechanisms of climate change and raise awareness of the fact that this issue is real. Moreover, the facilitator can also give the students some advices how to contribute to tackling this issue by simple actions such as turning off air conditioners, if they do not use it, turn off lights during the day, unplug their devices if they are doing another activity, using public transportation, reducing single use plastic that mostly end up in the ocean, and so on.
Guiding Questions
  1. How to make a miniature model that could show the water cycle process from shallow warm water to deep cold water by using all the materials that you have already prepared at home within five minutes.